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Quick Search Today Weekend Tomorrow. Start End. Search by date range: Today Tomorrow Weekend next 7 14 Advanced Filters. Dec 03 He applied to the Institute of Sea Engineers where his father was the head of a department. He was an activist who spoke well and took part in organizing all sorts of events. As a student Kiriyenko was perceived as a nice, sociable young man, who could be persistent and tough if needed.
He never raised his voice though, and in general was on good terms with everyone without getting too close to anyone. In he graduated magna cum laude. His advance along the Party line was swift. He got his first taste of leadership as first secretary of the Communist Youth League in Gorky. By this time, Perestroika and Glasnost were already breaking down the old ideological dogmas, and Kiriyenko made the most of the new opportunities.
That was my first experience in politics. A committed communist, in a matter of months Kiriyenko became an eager proponent of the market economy. Gorky was restored its historical name of Nizhny Novgorod and the region quickly became a main center of economic reform. For a couple of years they traded in cornflakes, shoes and other staples that, in an anemic post-Soviet economy, sold like hot cakes.
A few years later, Kiriyeko got into banking and oil trading. Under the tutelage of Boris Nemtsov, the governor of Nizhny Novgorod at the time, Sergey Kiriyenko founded his own bank. Later he became chairman of a small oil company in Nizhny. As his sphere of interests expanded, so did his connections.
Less than two months after Nemtsov was made first deputy prime minister in March , he brought Kiriyenko to the capital to become the first deputy energy minister, with Nemtsov taking the head of the ministry. In November , as Nemtsov was too busy as deputy Prime Minister, Kiriyenko became the energy minister. The president will take care of all the political issues. The ailing president looked increasingly vulnerable compared to the energetic and charismatic Chernomyrdin. The mammoth state debt and growing budget deficit gave Yeltsin a pretext to sack Chernomyrdin together with the rest of the government.
His replacement was even more astonishing than the dismissal itself. Nevertheless he was confirmed as prime minister on 24 April Yeltsin wanted Kiriyenko to lead a fresh team of reformers, hoping they would find a way to give a boost to the crumbling economy.
Despite skepticism towards the young prime minister at home, many Western financial institutions saw the appointment as a symbol of a will to reform. By the way, the 23 rd is a fatal date for me — on the 23 rd my wife, my daughter and my grandmother were born. I was made prime pinister on the 23 rd of March and my candidacy was approved by the State Duma on the 23 rd of April.
The 23 rd of May saw the financial crisis start, the anti-crisis program was put on my table on June 23 rd , and on August 23 rd I had to resign. Specifically, in August , as Russia spiraled into financial meltdown, Kiriyenko's cabinet defaulted the government bond coupons. The move led to the devaluation of the Russian rouble - a severe blow to the country's financial system with millions of people losing their savings in no time. Within days Prime Minister Kiriyenko became the man that most Russians held responsible for the crisis.
Some believed he lost his job not because of who he was but because he was in the wrong place at the wrong time. Having just learnt of his dismissal from the government, Sergey Kiriyenko and Boris Nemtsov decided to have a man-to-man talk with the people.
At the time a group of striking miners had set up a round-the-clock protest near the White House, where the Russian government resides. Some of them had not been paid for over ten months and they vowed to stay until they were paid and Boris Yeltsin stepped down. Operating in shifts the miners spent the summer sleeping in self-made tents on the nearby Gorbaty Bridge, talking with other disgruntled workers, marching and protesting. By the end of August their numbers had dwindled to approximately defiant but resigned men.
It was those most determined ones that the ex-premier and the ex-vice premier decided to come out to. Rumor has it that Boris Nemtsov was so upset that, according to the miners, he assured them that he himself was prepared to sit alongside them and bang a helmet. However, the miners refused to drink with them — they say the bottle was never opened. Have you ever tried to elect a bus controller by passenger vote?
Controllers are never in favor. Kiriyenko, Sept. But the total failure did not turn Kiriyenko off a political career - most surprisingly, he survived as a politician. That same year he led the liberal reformist Union of Right Wing Forces to parliamentary elections. However his true political second coming was initiated by then President Vladimir Putin. In May he appointed Kiriyenko as presidential envoy to the Volga Federal District , which includes several key regions.
The Volga district also houses the Russian Federal Nuclear Center, which is responsible for designing nuclear weapons. According to Kiriyenko, Putin gave him a task — to work out a management model for the district that could be later used all over Russia. For example, Kiriyenko started a campaign to move Parliament, the Central Bank and several other institutions from the capital to Nizhny Novgorod.
He also suggested making the envoys responsible for overseeing the money coming to the regions from Moscow and even worked out a program for the efficient spending of those funds.
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